Fire Detection & Mitigation
Kashmir Robotics’ Wildfire Detection Drones has a mission to detect forest fires and provide timely, accurate information regarding their location and strength.
When forest fires grow out of control, they can become incredibly dangerous. Large forest fires burn trees, kill and displace wildlife, endanger people, and alter soil compositions and water quality. Often, forest fires go unnoticed until they have grown out of control. At that point, they become difficult to stop. Kashmir Robotics applies aerial robotics that will provide wide coverage over forests as well as infrared devices to detect forest fires so they can be stopped at an early stage.
Human safety is incredibly important when combatting forest fires, but there is also a communication gap to be addressed. Drones controlled by artificial intelligence can provide wide surveillance as well as live updates on the location of the fire, the strength of the fire, and the surrounding vegetation. This provides information on the development of the fire without endangering human lives in unreachable areas.
The project uses infrared laser thermometers and infrared cameras to provide precise, non-contact temperature measurement that can be localized to a certain area. The forest fire detection UAVs also use color index detection to detect tonalities of fire and smoke, providing crucial information such as the type of forest fire (which can be ground, surface, or crown fires). These algorithms are inexpensive, have high accuracy in real time, and a low computational load, allowing for real time monitoring and solution implementation.
About 90% of forest fires in the United States are started by humans. They're generally caused by unattended campfires, downed power lines, or improperly discarded cigarettes. The rest are usually caused by lightning.
Ecologists estimate that about 250 threatened species lost their habitats to the 2019-2020 Australian bushfire season. Along with these threatened species, millions of other animals also lost their homes.
According to the Federation of American Scientists and the Congressional Research Service, wildfires have burned an annual average of 7 million acres of land in the United States since 2000.